Arduino project – Remote based toll gate and automatic parking indicator system

This post details about building a wireless toll gate and an automatic parking indicator system using Arduino. It will help anyone (including a beginner) who is interested to try their hands-on building and testing an Arduino project using IR remote / receiver, Ultrasonic sensor and servo motor.


Project brief

The idea is, When a vehicle approaches the toll gate, a button will be pressed in the IR Remote. This will open the toll gate. The vehicle will now gain entry and will proceed towards the parking. As it gets closer to the parking,  the Red LED will turn ON and simultaneously Green LED will turn OFF. This will indicate that the parking is now occupied. When the vehicle leaves the parking, the parking will become available again. This will be indicated by the system returning to its default setup. That is, Green LED will be turned ON and on the press of another button in IR Remote the toll gate will be closed.

You could refer to our tutorials, to get a hang on IR Remote / Receiver, Ultrasonic sensor and Servo motor.


This remote based tollgate and automatic parking indicator system is made up of two parallel circuits. One is the toll gate circuit and another being the parking indicator circuit. I had used the Arduino UNO and a breadboard for building this system from the Arduino starter kit. Other requirements pertaining to each of these circuits are detailed below.


Build the toll gate circuit

Components required to build the toll gate circuit :
– IR remote/ receiver

– Servo motor

– A few jumper wires

Wiring details of the toll gate circuit :
Toll gate wiring

Arduino sketch:

The Arduino sketch invokes a Serial Monitor to keep us informed of the workflow at runtime.

#include <IRremote.h> // Load the IRremote library
#include <Servo.h> // Load the servo library
 
int IR_receiving_pin = 9; // IR receiver pin connected to Arduino pin 9
int Serv_pin = 11; // Servo motor pin connected to Arduino pin 11
 
// Variables to hold the servo motor's rotation angle at Open and Close positions
int toll_open_position = 180 ;
int toll_close_position = 90 ;
 
// Decoded values on button press
long decoded_value_for_button_0 = 16738455;
long decoded_value_for_button_1 = 16724175;
 
IRrecv irrecv(IR_receiving_pin); // Create an IR receiver object and attach the associated input pin
Servo Serv_obj; // Create a servo object
 
decode_results IR_decoded_value; // Initialize a variable to hold the decoded IR receiver value
 
void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:
 
Serial.begin(9600); // Start the Serial monitor
Serial.println("Enabling IR Receiver");
irrecv.enableIRIn(); // Start the IR receiver
Serial.println("Enabled IR Receiver!");
 
Serv_obj.attach(Serv_pin); // Attach the pin associated with the Servo motor to the servo object
Serv_obj.write(toll_close_position); // Default to toll gate - close position
Serial.println("You are at the Toll gate! Press button 1 to OPEN gate.");
}
 
void loop() {
// put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
 
if (irrecv.decode(&IR_decoded_value)) // Checks if a signal is received and decodes it
{
// Circuit 1: Toll gate
if (IR_decoded_value.value == decoded_value_for_button_1)
{
Serial.println("Button 1 pressed. Open toll gate !");
Serv_obj.write(toll_open_position);
}
else if (IR_decoded_value.value == decoded_value_for_button_0)
{
Serial.println("Button 0 pressed. Close toll gate !");
Serv_obj.write(toll_close_position);
}
irrecv.resume(); // Continue to receive the next input
}
 
delay(1000);
 
}

Build the parking indicator circuit

The parking indicator circuit should be built in parallel to the toll gate circuit on the breadboard.

Components required to build the parking indicator circuit :
– Ultrasonic sensor

– Red LED and  Green LED

– 220 ohms resistors(2)

– A few jumper wires.

Wiring details of the complete system :
Complete system wiring detail

The complete Arduino sketch:

/*
Program to test the toll gate and parking indicator circuits.
*/
 
#include <IRremote.h> // Load the IRremote library
#include <Servo.h> // Load the servo library
int IR_receiving_pin = 9; // IR receiver pin connected to Arduino pin 9
int Serv_pin = 11; // Servo motor pin connected to Arduino pin 11
int echo_pin = 6; // Ultrasonic sensor's echo pin connected to Arduino pin 6
int trigger_pin = 7; // Ultrasonic sensor's Trig pin connected to Arduino pin 7
int Green_LED_pin = 2; // Green LED connected to Arduino pin 2
int Red_LED_pin = 4; // Red LED connected to Arduino pin 4

float ping_time; // Time for ping to travel from sensor to target and return
long distance_in_cm; // Distance to the target in cms

// Variables to hold the servo motor's rotation angle at Open and Close positions
int toll_open_position = 180 ;
int toll_close_position = 90 ;

// Decoded values on button press
long decoded_value_for_button_0 = 16738455;
long decoded_value_for_button_1 = 16724175;

IRrecv irrecv(IR_receiving_pin); // Create an IR receiver object and attach the associated input pin
Servo Serv_obj; // Create a servo object

decode_results IR_decoded_value; // Initialize a variable to hold the decoded IR receiver value

void setup() {
// put your setup code here, to run once:
 
Serial.begin(9600); // Start the Serial monitor
Serial.println("Enabling IR Receiver");
irrecv.enableIRIn(); // Start the IR receiver
Serial.println("Enabled IR Receiver!");
 
Serv_obj.attach(Serv_pin); // Attach the pin associated with the Servo motor to the servo object
Serv_obj.write(toll_close_position); // Default to toll gate - close position
Serial.println("You are at the Toll gate! Press button 1 to OPEN gate.");
 
pinMode(echo_pin,INPUT); // Set ultrasonic sensor's echo pin as an input pin
pinMode(trigger_pin,OUTPUT); // Set ultrasonic sensor's trig pin as an output pin
pinMode(Green_LED_pin,OUTPUT); // Set GREEN LED as an output pin
pinMode(Red_LED_pin,OUTPUT); // Set RED LED as an output pin
}

void loop() {
// put your main code here, to run repeatedly:
 
if (irrecv.decode(&IR_decoded_value))  // Checks if a signal is received and decodes it
{
// Circuit 1: Toll gate
if (IR_decoded_value.value == decoded_value_for_button_1)
{
Serial.println("Button 1 pressed. Open toll gate !");
Serv_obj.write(toll_open_position);
}
else if (IR_decoded_value.value == decoded_value_for_button_0)
{
Serial.println("Button 0 pressed. Close toll gate !");
Serv_obj.write(toll_close_position);
}
irrecv.resume(); // Continue to receive the next input
}
 
delay(1000);
 
// Circuit 2:Parking Indicator
// Generate a ping by triggering the ultra sonic sensor
digitalWrite(trigger_pin, LOW); // Set the trig pin low
delayMicroseconds(2000); // Wait for the signal to settle in this state
digitalWrite(trigger_pin, HIGH); // Set trig pin high
delayMicroseconds(15); // Wait in this high state
digitalWrite(trigger_pin, LOW); // Ping would have been sent now
 
ping_time = pulseIn(echo_pin, HIGH); // ping_time is presented in microseconds
 
distance_in_cm = convert_microsecondsToCentimeters(ping_time); // Calculate distance in cms
 
if (distance_in_cm >7)
{
digitalWrite(Green_LED_pin, HIGH);
digitalWrite(Red_LED_pin, LOW);
Serial.println("Parking slot available!");
delay(100);
 
}
else if (distance_in_cm < 7 and distance_in_cm > 0)
{
Serial.println("Distance of the vehicle:");
Serial.print(distance_in_cm);
Serial.print("cm");
Serial.println();
digitalWrite(Green_LED_pin, LOW);
digitalWrite(Red_LED_pin, HIGH);
Serial.println("Parking slot occupied!");
delay(100);
}
 
delay(1000);
}

long convert_microsecondsToCentimeters(long microseconds) {
// The speed of sound is 340 m/s or 29 microseconds per centimeter.
// The ping travels out and back, so to find the distance of the
// object we take half of the distance travelled.
return microseconds / 29 / 2;
}

A video recording of this project for your reference:


I hope you enjoyed building and testing this remote based tollgate and parking indicator system with Arduino. This system could be further enhanced by making use of wireless sensors to detect the presence of vehicles at the tollgate and operating the gates automatically.


I have done my Masters in Software Engineering and am currently working with Qxf2 Services. I have always looked forward to working with the various phases of the software development life cycle. I have been involved with the development and testing of applications inclined to the Banking domain. I am a very curious person. This curiosity has helped me to explore, learn a lot of new technologies and keep myself updated. Testing thrills me. I enjoy every bit of testing. Qxf2 has motivated me into blogging my work. I am an avid reader. I love travel and connecting with nature. My love for music instills a lot of positive energy and keeps me motivated!

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